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 NOBEL PRIZE & PARTICLE PHYSICS
 


This is a list of Physicists Nobel Laureates who were awarded for investigations regarding to Particle Physics.(Nobelprize.org)

1906

Joseph John Thomson (1856-1940)

"in recognition of the great merits of his theoretical and experimental investigations on the conduction of electricity by gases"

 
1908

Ernest Rutherford (1871-1937)
(Laureate in Chemistry)

"for his investigations into the disintegration of the elements, and the chemistry of radioactive substances"


1918

Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck (1858-1947)

"in recognition of the services he rendered to the advancement of Physics by his discovery of energy quanta"


1921

Albert Einstein (1879-1955)

"for his services to Theoretical Physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect"



1923

Robert Andrews Millikan  (1868-1953)

"for his work on the elementary charge of electricity and on the photoelectric effect"


1927

Charles Thomson Rees Wilson (1869-1959)

"for his method of making the paths of electrically charged particles visible by condensation of vapour"


1932

Werner Karl Heisenberg (1901-1976)

"for the creation of quantum mechanics, the application of which has, inter alia, led to the discovery of the allotropic forms of hydrogen"


1933

Erwin Schrödinger (1887-1961)

Paul M.A. Dirac (1902-1984)

"for the discovery of new productive forms of atomic theory"

  

1935

James Chadwick (1891-1974)

"for the discovery of the neutron"


1936

Carl David Anderson (1905-1991)

"for his discovery of the positron"


1938

Enrico Fermi (1901-1954)

"for his demonstrations of the existence of new radioactive elements produced by neutron irradiation, and for his related discovery of nuclear reactions brought about by slow neutrons"


1939

Ernest Orlando Lawrence ( 1901-1958)

"for the invention and development of the cyclotron and for results obtained with it, especially with regard to artificial radioactive elements"


1945

Wolfgang Pauli (1900-1958)

"for the discovery of the Exclusion Principle, also called the Pauli Principle"


1948

Patrick Maynard Stuart Blackett (1897-1974)

"for his development of the Wilson cloud chamber method, and his discoveries therewith in the fields of nuclear physics and cosmic radiation"


1949

Hideki Yukawa (1907-1981)

"for his prediction of the existence of mesons on the basis of theoretical work on nuclear forces"


1950

Cecil Frank Powell (1903-1969)

"for his development of the photographic method of studying nuclear processes and his discoveries regarding mesons made with this method"


1951

John Cockcroft (1897-1967)

Ernest Walton (1903-1995)

"for their pioneer work on the transmutation of atomic nuclei by artificially accelerated atomic particles"

 



1957

Chen Ning Yang (1922- )  

Tsung-Dao Lee (1926- )

"for their penetrating investigation of the so-called parity laws which has led to important discoveries regarding the elementary particles"

  

1960

Donald Arthur Glaser (1926- )

"for the invention of the bubble chamber"


1961

Robert Hofstadter

"for his pioneering studies of electron scattering in atomic nuclei and for his thereby achieved discoveries concerning the structure of the nucleons"


1963

Eugene Paul Wigner

"for his contributions to the theory of the atomic nucleus and the elementary particles, particularly through the discovery and application of fundamental symmetry principles"


1965

S. Tomonaga (1906-1979)

Julian Schwinger (1918-1994)

Richard P. Feynman (1918-1988)

"for their fundamental work in quantum electrodynamics, with deep-ploughing consequences for the physics of elementary particles"

   

 

1968

Luis Walter Alvarez (1911-1988)

"for his decisive contributions to elementary particle physics, in particular the discovery of a large number of resonance states, made possible through his development of the technique of using hydrogen bubble chamber and data analysis"


1969

Murray Gell-Mann (1929- )

"for his contributions and discoveries concerning the classification of elementary particles and their interactions"


1976

Burton Richter (1931- )

Samuel Chao Ch.Ting (1936- )

"for their pioneering work in the discovery of a heavy elementary particle of a new kind"

 

1979

Sheldon L. Glashow (1932- )  

Abdus Salam (1926-1996)

Steven Weinberg (1933- )

"for their contributions to the theory of the unified weak and electromagnetic interaction between elementary particles, including, inter alia, the prediction of the weak neutral current"

   

1980

James Watson Cronin (1931-) Val Logsdon Fitch (1923-)

"for the discovery of violations of fundamental symmetry principles in the decay of neutral K-mesons"

 

1984

Carlo Rubbia (1934- )

Simon van der Meer (1925- )

"for their decisive contributions to the large project, which led to the discovery of the field particles W and Z, communicators of weak interaction"

 

1988

Leon. M. Lederman (1922- )  

Melvin Schwartz (1932-2006)

Jack Steinberger (1921- )

"for the neutrino beam method and the demonstration of the doublet structure of the leptons through the discovery of the muon neutrino"

   

1990

J. I. Friedman (1930- )

Henry W. Kendall (1926-1999)

Richard E. Taylor (1929- )

"for their pioneering investigations concerning deep inelastic scattering of electrons on protons and bound neutrons, which have been of essential importance for the development of the quark model in particle physics"

   

1992

Georges Charpak (1924- )

"for his invention and development of particle detectors, in particular the multiwire proportional chamber"


1995

Martin L. Perl (1927- ) 

Frederick Reines (1918-1998)

"for pioneering experimental contributions to lepton physics"

 

1999

Gerardus 't Hooft (1946- )  

Martinus J.G Veltman (1931-)

"for elucidating the quantum structure of electroweak interactions in physics"

 

2002

Raymond Davis (1914-2006)

Masatoshi Koshiba (1926-)

"for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, in particular for the detection of cosmic neutrinos"

 

2004

David Jonathan Gross (1941-)

H. David Politzer (1949-)

Frank Wilczek (1951-)

"for the discovery of asymptotic freedom in the theory of the strong interaction"

   

2008

Yoichiro Nambú (1921-)

Makoto Kobayashi (1944)

  Toshihide Maskawa (1940)

"for the discovery of the mechanism of spontaneous broken symmetry in subatomic physics"  and  "for the discovery of the origin of the broken symmetry which predicts the existence of at least three families of quarks in nature"

 

 


2013  

François Englert (1932-)

Peter W. Higgs (1929)

"For the theoretical discovery of a mechanism that contributes to our understanding of the origin of mass of subatomic particles, and which recently was confirmed through the discovery of the predicted fundamental particle, by the ATLAS and CMS experiments at CERN's Large Hadron Collider".


 

It can be also considered related to AstroParticle Physics the follow Nobel Laureates:

- Victor Franz Hess (1936) "for his discovery of cosmic radiation".

- Arno Allan Penzias and Robert Woodrow Wilson (1978) "for their discovery of cosmic microwave background radiation".

- John C. Mather and George F. Smoot (2006) "for their discovery of the blackbody form and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation".


An related to Suporconductivity -very present in LHC- must be mentioned:

- Heike Kamerlingh Onnes (1913) " for his investigations on the properties of matter at low temperatures which led, inter alia, to the production of liquid helium".

- Lev Davidovich Landau (1962) "for his pioneering theories for condensed matter, especially liquid helium".

- John Bardeen, Leon Neil Cooper and John Robert Schrieffer (1972) "for their jointly developed theory of superconductivity, usually called the BCS-theory"

- Alexei A. Abrikosov, Vitaly L. Ginzburg and Anthony J. Leggett (2003) "for pioneering contributions to the theory of superconductors and superfluids".



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